The South African scientific collaboration with CERN has described in its annual report 2015-2016 that there are indications of a new particle called the Madala boson. The bosons are a group of subatomic particles, like a photon, that follows the statistical description given by S. N. Bose and Einstein.
The Heavier Bosons
Although Higgs boson was the primary target of the CERN experiments, interesting new findings has the scientific community up on its heels. The Higgs boson has a mass of around 126 GeV but this newly found particle is said to be have a mass around 270 GeV. Not only that, there are indications of even heavier bosons that weigh in at 750 Gev.
Physicists urgently need a particle to explain dark matter
The finding of the Higgs boson made the standard model of physics complete. The Higgs boson interacts only with the known matter in the universe and so cannot be used to explain dark matter. The mass explained by the Higgs boson is only 4% of the mass-energy interactions in the universe. The rest of the interactions are unknown. The hypothetical dark matter known only by the gravitational effect it has on the galaxies accounts for 27% of the mass energy interactions in the universe.
The dark matter does not emit any radiations, so there is virtually no way to know what exactly it is. Repeated studies have failed to find any associations with known particles. Now scientists are looking to find that elusive particle in the particle collider at CERN.
The hypothetical Madala bosons are thought to interact with the dark matter. If proved right, it could explain the role of dark matter in this universe. The signal was first detected in the data that emerged from the 2012 collision experiments at CERN, when scientists noticed an unusual collision between two protons. The supporting data was found in 2015 & 2016 experiments but the scientific world is waiting for more evidence to come up before they can really confirm about its existence. The High Energy Physics Group (HEP) from the University of the Witwatersrand in South Africa is the team behind this discovery. It would really be a Nobel prize entry if the Madala’s existence could be proven but so far no evidence has come up to support its existence.
The discovery of new particles would be evidence for new forces and fields and undoubtedly would rewrite the standard model of physics if proved right.